You feel tired, moody and your face is as pimply as a 17-year-old boy’s. Congrats, you are suffering from all of the classic symptoms of your monthly flow. Yet your period is totally MIA. It turns out, there are many reasons why this might happen with no period.
Still, is you experience something serious effects – fever, significant nausea or vomiting, or pain that you can’t control and you skip a period or two – it’s time to see the doctor. Even mood changes being extreme can endanger your life.
Here, eight possible reasons why you can experience the symptoms:
The most common reason is early pregnancy. If you have doubts about unprotected sex in the last month, it’s worth taking a pregnancy test. Both hormonal and uterine changes that happen in early pregnancy can affect the same pathways as a menstrual cycle. Early pregnancy is shown in breast tenderness, mood swings, fatigue, and cramping which are the same symptoms that you were already experiencing month to month before and during your period.
Is it possible that you can be pregnant? Make a test at home on the day when you expect a period. Even if it is negative, make another one in 3 or 4 days. Even 1-2 days can make a difference in the test result.
From time to time our body goes through all of the hormonal changes associated with the state of PMS, but if you didn’t actually release an egg that month, you won’t actually get your period. Known as anovulation, it’s more common than one might think – from 10 to 18 percent of all regular cycles are anovulatory.
3. Thyroid conditions
A thyroid is a little gland in your neck shaped like a butterfly. It is involved in the regulation of many functions of your body, including menstrual cycles. But when it doesn’t produce enough thyroid hormones—known as either hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism—it affects a couple of important hormones that regulate ovulation. These hormones are FSH (follicle-stimulating hormone) and LH (luteinizing hormone). As a result, your cycles can become irregular.
What you think is PMS, might actually be related to the neurologic function, as long as thyroid regulates the brain function. Spotting or cramping may occur because the lining of your uterus has built up but hasn’t shed because you’re not ovulating. So make sure to check in with your doctor if you’re experiencing other symptoms of a thyroid condition, including sudden unexplained weight loss or gain, shaking, heart palpitations, or significant fatigue.
4. Hormonal birth control
If you prefer this type of contraception, you must be aware that the common side effect of hormonal birth control is skipped periods. The reason behind this lies in the way the medication effect the endometrial lining – it is thinning it so there’s nothing to shed come that time of the month.
And, while they don’t typically nix your flow altogether, birth control pills can result in super-light flows or spotting. So you might feel period symptoms like breast tenderness even without a heavy, full-blown period.
5. Uterine polyps
These small tumors are an overgrowth of lining of the uterus. They can cause cramping and very similar discomfort that you feel during the period, even when you’re not on one.
It is a lot harder to get pregnant with polyps. There is also a risk they may develop into uterine cancer down the line. The most common solution is the removal with a quite simple manipulation called hysteroscopy. During a hysteroscopy, a doctor inserts a long tube up through the vagina and into the uterus. The doctor is able to use the scope to both see and cut out the polyps.
It shouldn’t be a surprise for you to know that stress is the most common reason why you lose your period is stress. It increases the cortisol levels, which affects hormonal balance. This includes the hormones that regulate your ovaries and uterine lining. Unlike extreme exercise or being overweight, both of which can put a pause on menstruation, when you’re stressed, your uterine lining continues to grow. It just doesn’t shed like it happens with menstruation. You may have irregular bleeding or cramping because of that.
Tuff schedule, breakups, exams, family issues – all these events are very stressful and you sometimes can’t understand the damage done to your health. Once you suppose that the pause in your menstruation can be related to the stress state – talk to your doctor. Try any appropriate method to ease the tension – walks, yoga, sport, vacation.
7. Ovarian cysts
Every month, your ovaries make several cysts in preparation for ovulation, but only one cyst releases an egg. Although the others usually dissipate on their own by the time you get your period, sometimes one cyst or more sticks around. Cysts can also occur if you have an anovulatory cycle. Ovarian cysts often cause no symptoms at all, although they can sometimes trigger period-like pain when you’re not on your period. So if you’re experiencing irregular cramping, talk with your doctor. If cysts get particularly large, they can cause the ovary to twist, which is painful and requires an emergency procedure to save your ovary.
If you experience frequent skipped periods can be caused by polycystic ovarian syndrome. It is a condition in which a patient has an excess of androgens, which are chemicals in the body that affect multiple body processes: ovaries function, hair growth, weight gain, and sensitivity to insulin. PCOS can result in anovulatory cycles and irregular spotting. It commonly causes cysts to grow on the ovaries, which, if they rupture or cause the ovary to twist, can cause pelvic pain that feels a lot like period cramps. Up to 20 percent of women worldwide are affected by PCOS, so if you have any doubts – check in with your doctor.